TamilWeek, Oct 16 - 22, 2005
N. Sivakadachcham
K. Rajadurai
C.E. Anandarajah
A Principal for a principal as shadow war moves to Jaffna

By D.B.S. Jeyaraj

Twenty years after   former St. Johns College Principal Charles Anandarajan was
killed by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, school principals have become targets
of gun toting assassins again. Tuesday Oct 11th saw Kopay Christian College
principal  Nadarajah  Sivakadatcham (54) being gunned down at  his residence. In
what seemed a tit for tat killing Jaffna Central College Principal Kanakapathy
Rajadurai (53) was shot dead outside the Veerasingham Hall the following day (Oct
12th). It was almost as if open season had been declared on eminent educationists in

It was night around 8. 35 pm on the 11th  when two men  on a motor cycle arrived at
the Kopay Christian College Principal's residence near the Kalaivani community
centre and Library in Kopay north about 4 km north - east of Jaffna town. Calling out
to the  unsuspecting Principal  the assassins forcibly  entered the house.
Sivakadatcham who was watching television  in the company of his wife and eight year
old daughter  got alarmed by this intrusion  and abruptly stood up. One of the men
trained his pistol on the principal at close range and fired away. Forehead shattered,  
a  blood splattered Sivakadatcham fell down while his wife and child screamed. He
was dead on the spot.

It was broad daylight around 3.40 pm when the Jaffna Central College Principal
arrived at the entrance of Veerasingham Hall in Jaffna town. Rajadurai was the chief
guest for the "Navarathri" (Nine nights) cultural ceremony organized by the Jaffna
Educational Secretariat. Even as Rajadurai alighted from the motor cycle pillion he
was riding four waiting youths walked up to him. One of them whipped out a pistol and
fired fatal shots at point blank range. At least four bullets entered the head, shoulder,  
chest and abdomen. The youths fled on motor cycles as Rajadurai collapsed. He was
taken to hospital but succumbed to his wounds at 4. 25 pm.

Two principals of leading educational institutions had been murdered within twenty -
four hours. Jaffna once known for the regard and respect shown to education and
educationists reeled from the twin shocks. The timing of the killings was symbolically

The" navarathri" period is devoted to Durgha, Lakshmi and Saraswathy the divine  
consorts of Siva, Vishnu and Brahma respectively . The first three days are for Durga
or Malaimahal the Goddess of Valour and war. The middle three are for Lakshmi or
Alaimagal the Goddess of Wealth and blessings. The last three days are for
Saraswathy or Kalaimagal the goddess of knowledge  and arts.

In Jaffna  where learning and education is given pride of place the last three days and
nights dedicated to Saraswathy are observed and celebrated in grand manner. The
assassins had chosen to kill two principals on the 8th and 9th days of  navarathri
where special  pooja is paid to Goddess Saraswathy.

Broad sections of the Sri Lankan media in Colombo were quick to condemn the "usual
suspects" for both murders. Most journalists  attributing blame on the tigers for both
killings had little information independent of the Police, Army and Tamil organizations
based in Colombo. The Government too pointed the accusing finger at the tigers for
the killings.

Cabinet Spokesman Minister Nimal Siripala de Silva told the  weekly Cabinet press
briefing  that the Government protested strongly over the killings by suspected LTTE
cadres and wanted Trond Furhovde and Ian Martin to take the incident seriously with
the LTTE on their visit to Kilinochchi.  "We wanted them to highlight the human rights
violations by the LTTE specially stressing the killing of two school principals", the  
Minister said "According to circumstantial evidence so far unearthed by the Security
Forces and the Police we believe that LTTE was behind the killing of the two school
principals in Jaffna," the Minister added.

Before Nimal Siripala de Silva came out with his revelations an interesting yet puerile
duel was enacted over the airwaves of BBC Tamil services regular program
"Thamizhosai". The LTTE's Jaffna political  commissar  Ilamparithi now based in Pallai  
told the BBC that both  killings were the work of the state military intelligence with the
help of  Eelam Peoples Democratic Party (EPDP)  Leader of the EPDP and Northern  
Development Minister Douglas Devananda denied the  allegation  on the same
program saying that the Central College principal was a "close friend".  He  also
added that the Kopay Christian College principal was " a LTTE sympathiser  until

Both Ilamparithy and Devananda were trying to pin both killings on one party. The
LTTE was accusing the security forces and EPDP of being involved in both killings.
Devananda on the other hand was charging the LTTE of being responsible for both
killings. The army information center, Police, Sections of the Southern media and
even the cabinet spokesperson were ardently toeing the "Douglas line". The "
Ilamparithy spin" however was not echoed faithfully by tiger and  pro - tiger media like
"Nitharsanam", "Puthinam" and "Tamilnet" . Their reporting seemed to indicate that
Sivakadatcham was killed by minions of the state while Rajadurai was murdered by
the LTTE.

Inquiries made of informed circles in Jaffna by this writer over  telephone and
electronic mail  resulted in an inescapable conclusion that two sets of killers had been
responsible for the two  murders. The intelligence apparatus of the state seems
responsible for the Kopay Christian College Principal's killing. The LTTE was
responsible for killing the Jaffna Central College Principal.

Though the LTTE had been killing people without restraint over the past years the
killing of Rajadurai seemed essentially a tit for tat killing. What knowledgeable Jaffna
residents were concerned about most was whether this spree of killings would further
escalate. They feared greatly that the shadow war destroying the East had now come
to the North. The killing of principals was seen as a harbinger of evil tidings.

Events of the recent past need a quick re-run to understand what is happening now.
The LTTE entered the Government controlled areas in large numbers to do political
work after the ceasefire. At the same time members of other Tamil groups described
derisively as "para - military" by the tigers were to be disarmed. This was done to a
great extent by the Wickremasinghe government. The LTTE however observed the
ceasefire  in the breach by assassinating members, ex - members and suspected
civilian supporters of non - tiger groups in the N- E. The LTTE also targeted  
suspected informants and other members of the auxiliary forces.

The ceasefire expressly forbade such killings but the LTTE went on  killing with
impunity. When queried the "ever smiling" tiger political commissar Tamilselvan
cavalierly dismissed the charges saying the army and Police were responsible for law
and order in the Government controlled areas. The tigers had nothing to do with the
killings he said. Tamilselvan even suggested that the killings were a result of
internecine feuding within and among the Tamil groups. Sadly the Wickremasinghe
government  and Oslo seemed incapable of checking this staggered massacre.The
non - tiger outfits like the EPDP, PLOTE and an EPRLF faction reduced their
presence in the N- E and became virtually non - functional.

The turning point came with the LTTE Eastern Commander Vinayagamoorthy
Muraleetharan alias "Col" Karunas revolt. After suffering some reversals and
withdrawing from the East Karuna inspired his cadres to keep resisting the LTTE
through hit and run attacks. Though his rebellion was initially "homegrown"Karuna  
was constrained to collaborate with the Sri Lankan state apparatus for reasons of
survival. Soon the tide turned. Karunas cadres augmented by ENDLF men began
dishing it out to the LTTE. The predator became prey. The LTTE has restricted its
movements very greatly in the East now and is almost a non - presence in
Government controlled areas. It must be noted that Karunas ascendancy was made
possible to a great extent by the covert  logistical support provided by the state while  
denying it overtly.

It was however a different scenario in the North where the LTTE continued to target
its perceived "enemies" without  any problem.. These included some members of the
armed forces suspected to be military intelligence too. A high watermark of the
LTTE's unbridled disregard for civilised norms was the brutal murder of "King" Charlie
Wijeywardene the Jaffna SSP. This was followed by the Lakshman Kadirgamar

It appears that some time after these killings the green light was given for an
"unofficial operation" in the North too. It was felt that only an "eastern type" campaign
would help cut the tigers down to size in the North. the idea was to commence a
violent campaign targeting LTTE cadres and their perceived supporters. Ultimately
what goes around comes around. The chickens came home  to roost in the LTTE

The LTTE  became aware of the plan and began initially  a media campaign. It
highlighted the fact that "persons" were being sent to the North to commence a
shadow war. Nevertheless the blueprint for a shadow war went on as planned.
According to an informed source a  contingent of specially trained Sinhala, Tamil and
Muslim security personnel are now in the north. They are guided by military
intelligence personnel. They are assisted by some members of non - tiger Tamil

The Presidential election also gave impetus to the shadow war campaign. It was
resolved that the LTTE should not be given an opportunity like 2004 elections to
manipulate polling. A countervailing force to check and counter the LTTE was
needed. It is felt that intimidatory violence is necessary to curb the LTTE on the one
hand and manipulate the electoral system on the other.

The shadow war commenced sometime in late September. Since every act of violence
is inevitably linked to the LTTE few suspected that the clandestine operation had
been launched.. Initially all killings and violent acts in Jaffna were depicted as tiger
sponsored. But the LTTE obviously  knew which was which.

The tigers suspected that their political wing operatives were going to be victimised. It
is said that quite a few tiger operatives and agents had been abducted clandestinely.
The LTTE keeps quiet about it for tactical reasons as well as pride.

The 30 year old video shop owner in Uduvil killed a few weeks ago for example was
supposedly a tiger agent. He was allegedly shot dead by an intelligence operative
codenamed "Bandara ". But the Southern media portrayed it as a tiger killing while the
northern media parroted the familiar killed by unknown persons line.

The LTTE with peremptory caution moved its known political cadres outside the
Government controlled areas. Ilamparithy now operates from Pallai near the
Muhamalai border. The LTTE intelligence personnel and killer squads remain within
the Government controlled areas. According to a news item posted in the EPDP
website sometime ago the tigers were allegedly  targeting a list of 67 people in a
preemptive bid to eliminate potential opposition.. Some of the recent LTTE  violence
was directed against these targets.

Unfortunately for the tigers the EU has banned travel and called for an end to
assassinations. Yet the tigers are caught up in a vortex of violence. If they are to
continue their campaign it will blacken prospects with the EU. But from their
perspective of self - preservation  there is no way out. Even if they retaliate to some
acts the  overall blame will be on them. Already the escalation of violence after the EU
ban has been noted. Furthermore agent - provocateurs are likely to provoke the
LTTE into more violence.

The states security apparatus and its Tamil minions are no saints either. They too are
capable of imitating the tiger in every way. Jaffna seems to be on the verge of a
shadow war. Let us also not forget that as far as Presidential elections are concerned
aspiring candidates would like to get Northern votes but opt for other choices if they
are not assured of a  safe bloc vote. "If the votes don't come to me then see to it that
nobody else gets them either" seems to be the operative credo.

An important component of this shadow war is propaganda. There was a time when
the LTTE dominated with its pioneering access to state of the art technology. The
LTTE was first with the news and presented it according to their slant. Now the wheel
has turned.

There is a plethora of anti - tiger websites. Some are direct. Others are indirect. The
LTTE controls most of the Tamil media but there are a few journals , radios and
websites combating them. The continuous presentation of a solitary perspective,
blacking out and distortion of news, tarnishing and vituperative attacks on individuals,
sycophantic praise for tiger leaders etc has eroded Tiger media credibility. Alternative
Tamil media is believed  more.

As far as English is concerned the monopoly once enjoyed by the "Tamilnet" is over.
Besides the website has become a caricature of its former self after "Taraki"
Sivaram's death. Other pro - tiger English websites focus more on attacking  
independent individuals on one side and promoting mediocre toadies on the other.
Meanwhile independent,  non - tiger websites like "Lacnet" have greater credibility.

Thus the LTTE finds itself fighting a lost battle as far as the information war is
concerned. It is belatedly recognizing that sophisticated technology is no substitute
for truth, accuracy, integrity and independence in the media sphere. The downside of
this for the LTTE in this is that very often its version of events gets eclipsed by other
versions. The tigers usually rely on arms and force for everything. But  the media war
cannot be won by those. The long term success of a shadow war depends very much
on the information war.

The killings of Sivakadatcham and Rajadurai have to be viewed against the  backdrop
 of a shadow  and media war.Contrary to propaganda being dished out by the state
and sections of the media Sivakadatcham was and remained a strong supporter of
the LTTE. He had at one time been supportive of the EPRLF but was now staunchly
pro - tiger like the EPRLF's Suresh Premachandran. It was only a few weeks ago that
his nephew Nagulan was killed in Vavuniya. Nagulan an EPRLF cadre had quit politics
and was living quietly with his wife and children in a Sinhala majority area. The killing
was as usual attributed to the LTTE but there is some suspicion now that the actual
killers belonged to the EPDP.

Sivakadatcham was the General - secretary  of the Tamil resurgence committee
responsible for organizing the Pongu Thamil demonstrations in Jaffna.. He also was in
charge of the 18th anniversary celebrations of Lt. Malathy who died during the IPKF
battle on Oct 19th 1987 in Kopay. She was the first woman tiger to die in battle. The
first woman militant to die in battle was Shobha of the EPRLF who died in the attack
on Naval base at  Karainagar in 1985. Shobha was the sister of Douglas Devananda.
There is some resentment in EPDP and EPRLF circles that the LTTE is distorting
history by blacking out Shobha and promoting Malathy as the first woman martyr.

The selection of Sivakadatcham by the anti - tiger elements as a "soft" target in the
shadow war against the LTTE can be understood if not condoned in this context. If
the killing of a high - profile supporter of the LTTE was calculated to send shivers
down the spines of non - combatant tiger supporters then the LTTE response was
prompt and predictable. An equally symbolic target had to be eliminated to
demonstrate that the tigers would not take these types of killings lying down. So
Rajadurai was killed by the LTTE  within nineteen hours of Sivakadatchams murder.

Rajadurai was already in the LTTE's bad books. He was principal of Jaffna Central
College where Douglas Devananda had  most of  his secondary education. Jaffna  
Central College founded by Methodist missionaries in early nineteenth century is one
of the oldest schools in the Country. Devananda as minister showered the College
with attention. Rajadurai as a dedicated principal cultivated the influential alumnus
and got a lot of money for school development. Many new buildings. classrooms and
laboratories were put up through Devanandas help. Rajadurai also allowed  Central
College students and premises to be used in the educational program "Kalvikkalam"
broadcast over radio.

This perceived closeness to Devananda was resented by the LTTE and in May this
year the tiger front "Ellalan Padai" (elaras force) issued a leaflet warning Rajadurai.
He was asked to stop all cooperation with the Government and Devananda or face
the consequences. This was followed by the LTTE Tamil website "Nitharsanam"
operating in Oslo with Norwegian funds threatening him as an EPDP "consultant"..
The Nitharsanam also warned  Rajadurai that his corpse would be found soon with a
nameboard around his neck. Incidentally this writer and his photo has also been
featured frequently in this website run by "Oothai Sethu"  a man linked directly to
LTTE intelligence chief Pottu Amman.

The "nitharsanam" is also very much in the news these days after its bizarre question
whether Mahinda Rajapakse would be able to celebrate his birthday on Nov 18th. It is
known for its vitriolic and slanderous attacks particularly on TULF president
Anandasangaree. It even doctored photographs to show that Sangaree was
addressing a security personnel meeting.

Troubled  by these accusations  and threats Rajadurai went to Kilinochchi and met
Daya Master, Balakumaran and "Baby" Ilankumaran. He explained his position and
said that he was not of the EPDP. Rajadurai also said that he was cultivating
Devananda to get as much aid as possible for the betterment of the school. The
LTTE told him not to wory and sent him back.

Rajadurai may have thought that he was safe. Indeed it  may even have been so. But
when a pro - tiger principal was killed by suspected EPDP gunmen tiger logic
necessitated the killing of a perceived pro - EPDP principal. It had to be prominent,
quick and easy. Rajadurai fitted the bill. It was open knowledge that he was going to
be at Veerasingham hall. That was that and his life snuffed out just like that.

While there is no doubt in most minds that Rajadurai was killed by the LTTE there is
some doubt about Sivakadatcham. The security and Police circles along with
ministers Devananda and De Silva are trying to pin blame on the LTTE for this too.
Sections of the media are swallowing this line either wittingly or unwittingly. The desire
on the part of the security apparatus and its collaborator Devananda to blame the
LTTE for Sivakadatchams death is obvious. For one thing the launching of a northern
shadow war has to be kept unpublicised. The killing of a principal for whatever reason
will not go down well with the Tamil public. Moreover Sivakadatchams killing was the
provocation for the second murder and therefore deserved greater condemnation.

Thus Devananda and the security sources are coming out with contradictory
pronouncements. The trouble in all this is that Sivakadatcham was a known and
publicly identified LTTE supporter. He was on a tiger platform even a few days prior to
his death. So Devananda tries to downplay this by saying  that Sivakadatcham had
arguments with the LTTE a few days ago. He had allegedly objected to student
conscription. Other stories planted by security circles are about Sivakadatcham
consistently opposing conscription of minors, a change of heart after the Eu ban,
resentment over his nephew Nagulans killing and about LTTE anger over a poor
show of Pongu Thamil. The LTTE therefore killed him.

But the LTTE has awarded him a Tamil national patriot "Nattruppattraalar" title post -
humously. A tiger press release was issued. The Tamil National Alliance MP's
Eelaventhan. Sivanesan and Gajenthiran organized and participated at the funeral.
LTTE intelligence helped organize a  week - long  transport stoppage by the Kopay
students at the Kopay junction where the Point Pedro ; Jafna road and Kaithady -
urumpirai roads criss - cross. A prolonged boycott of schools and university has
begun. Also  many leading education officials participated at the funeral. All this would
have been impossible if people were aware that  the victim was killed by the LTTE.

Devananda of course says that the LTTE is going through this charade to deflect
blame away from them. If so why restrict it to Sivakadatcham alone? Why not apply
the same deception to Rajadurai? After all the Jaffna Central College principal was
more high profile and being blamed for that killing would be more harmful. Just as the
students of Kopay Christian are being instigated into demonstrating by the LTTE
Centralites are being encouraged by the EPDP. This does not mean that the students
and staff of either College do not feel sorrow or pain. Of course they do. But it is not
possible for such feelings to be demonstrated publicly without instigation or protection
from powerful forces.

Three factors point to the hand of the  security apparatus cum EPDP in the killing of
Sivakadatcham. Firstly neither the Kopay Police or an Army detachment in close
proximity came to the scene quickly after the shooting. The man was shot at 8. 35 but
the body was removed only after midnight. The authorities kept aloof.What kept the
army and Police away for so long? Contrast this with the immediate response of the
authorities after the Rajadurai shooting.

Secondly there is the phenomenon of Devananda and security sources straining
every sinew to convince the world that the LTTE was responsible. Theories are
bandied about. Hitherto undisclosed information is stated as gospel truth to buttress
these views. The over zealous attempt to project an impression that the principal had
quarrelled with the LTTE and was immediately victimised appears suspicious and

Thirdly the response of the anti - tiger  media and some anti - tiger trade unions is
indicative. Much mention is made about Rajadurai The teachers union for example
condemns Rajadurais killing but not  that of Sivakadatcham. If both were LTTE victims
then both killings should have been condemned equally. The perceived imbalance of
the response shows that only one killing was by the LTTE.

The counterpoint to this is the LTTE media. There much is being made of
Sivakadatcham though Rajadurai was more high profile. Rajadurai is virtually ignored.
Though Jaffna is seemingly mourning for both principals a subtle divide can be seen.
Both sides pay lip service to the dead principals but each side is more concerned
about the principal of their choice. The students of each school are concerned  about
their principal but the student body at large is worried about the whole situation.

One is also able to detect a political motive in some of the reporting about the killings.
The principals are portrayed as people who stood up to the LTTE in resisting student
conscription. There is no record of any Tamil principal collaborating with the LTTE in
conscripting students. Few however defy the LTTE. The attempt here is to show that
the LTTE killed them for resisting conscription. The aim is to blacken the already
tarnished tiger image further.

Another aspect is the move to depict the LTTE as being "anti - principal". It is an
LTTE principle to kill principals is one such quip. The tigers killed  principals like
Anandarajah of St. Johns, Jaffna , Kandasamy of Palugamam MMV, Batticaloa  and
Sithamparanathan of Vikneswara College, Trincomalee. While these killings are to be
condemned one must understand that the tigers did so for particular reasons. They
were not killed because they were principals. They were killed in spite of being

As far as the recent killings are concerned the tigers killed only one of the victims. So
the attempt to charge the LTTE with both killings is incorrect. It is only part of
deliberate propaganda. This writer is no admirer of the LTTE's ruthless violence. No
Tamil journalist writing in English has been openly critical of the LTTE as this writer.
No Tamil journalist writing in English has been attacked as much by tiger
propagandists as this writer. Yet this writer  has to state the truth as perceived by him.
What is missed in the frenzy to shower responsibility on the LTTE for both murders is
that two sets of rival killers are now  running riot in Jaffna.

The "Thenee" Tamil website is run by critics of the LTTE in Germany. It is of high
political standard and uncompromising in its criticism of the tigers. One of its  report
about the killings of the principals  has a heading  "Sabaash! Sariyaana Potti"  (Wow
!Good Competition) In the film oriented popular culture of Tamils these lines from the
film "Vanchikottai Vaaliban" (The youth from the fortress Vanchi) are etched in
collective memory. It is the scene where two of the greatest danseuse actresses of
the Tamil screen Vyjayanthimala and Padmini compete in dance before the hero
Gemini Ganesh and the villain Veerappa. Even as the dance hots up Veerappa
edges forward and echoes the sentiments of all viewers by saying " Sabash. Sariyana
Potti".By describing the killings as "Sariyana Potti" the "Thenee" has correctly
assessed that there is  competitive violence in the North.

Northern violence has taken a qualitative turn. It is no longer going to be one - sided
with the tigers doing all the killings. Another force has also emerged. It may be entirely
state sponsored or a reaction of non - tiger groups aided by the state. The reality is
that two entities are going to engage in violence against each other hereafter. The
killing of two principals by two sets of killers indicates that. The mosaic law of an eye
for an eye and a tooth for a tooth is executed in Jaffna as a principal for a principal!

The phenomenon of competing violence  is not a simple dance performance  for
people to enjoy and comment on the equal competition. It is far more serious. Jaffna
runs the risk of being engulfed in a wave of internecine violence. It does not matter
whether there would be victors or not. The victims are all going to be Tamil regardless
of their politics. Just as Eastern Tamils now  the Northern Tamils too will soon be
victims in a looming shadow war.
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